General Profile

The New born and Tribal populated District Sukma is a mixture of different shades. General Profile of the District is as under -

District Map of Sukma

Geographical Situation:

This new District begins 5 Kms prior to Tongpal as soon as the Jeeram Ghat concludes. Even though there are no major mountains in the District the Western side of the District is occupied by smaller hills. These hills joins the famous Bailadila hills of Dantewada gradually increasing their sizes.

Most of the Eastern area of the block Chhindgarh is of plain area however the western side of the block exist series of small hills which continue till Sukma. In the other end the Western side of Konta block is occupied by thick forest some streams and hills make this area un accessible.

Rivers:

River Shabari is the prime river of the District which passes through the three development blocks of the District Chhindgarh, Sukma & Konta to the Eastern side and forms a border to the State of Orissa. River Shabari is a live river and flows throughout the year, Koonavaram (of District Khammam A.P.) is the point of confluence where river Shabari joins with the river Godavari. Two supporting rivers of Shabari Foolnadi in Chhindgarh and Malanger in Sukma blocks also flow in the District.

Inhabitants:

Different tribal communities are inhabited in this District for time immortal. There are lots of difference in between the culture and life style of these communities. Gond, Muriya, Dorla and Halba are the main communities of Tribes of the District. Apart from these 4 tribes Mahara is also found in considerable numbers in certain pockets of the District. In Chhindgarh block Gond, Muriya and Halba tribes are found which is almost similar in the Block of Sukma where as in Konta block along with a small number of Gond & Muriya, Dorla community is found in major number which is mainly influenced by the culture of the South.

Agriculture:

Paddy is the main crop cultivated by the farmers of the District where as Makka is also produced in certain pockets. A small amount of Kodo-Kutki and Jwar is also produced in the District.

Forest

Minor Forest Produces:

Nature has blessed the tribes of the District with many resources of livelihood which include Tendupatta, Mahua, Tora, Char and Timber. This area is enriched with Bamboo and different species of Herbal Plants.

Fairs and Festivals:

Different Fares and Festivals are observed by the localites through out the year which are the main source of entertainment for them. Cock fight is the main attraction for them during the fairs for which they bring Cocks from miles of distance and fight.

Beverages:

Local tribes consume different types of beverages during fares, festivals, marriages and other auspicious occasions important among them is – Landa -Liquor made of rice, Mahuwa, Chigur- liquor prepared from Taad fruits, Chindras, Taadi and Salphi collected directly from the trees of chind,Taad and Salph are the beverages the local tribe mainly consume which are toxic in nature.

Arms:

As the tribes mainly reside in the forests they make use of different arms for their self protection as well as for other usages. Tangiya, Banda, Arrows are the common arms that are seen with the tribes.

Necessities:

Necessities of the tribes are very limited, however every area had a fixed day in a week when the hatbajars are opened where from the localites purchase their daily needs.

It is evident that the innocent Tribes are totally happy and content with whatever little facilities they are provided, however in the greater interest of the area and the country it is necessary to bring the tribes in the main stream of development where from they will start thinking of new necessities and strive to achieve them which will set a greater revolution of changes for the betterment of this area.